Two-dimensional (2D) morphologic measurements can quantify the severity of liver disease in children with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD).
Year of Publication
2021 Jun 26
<p><strong>PURPOSE: </strong>To evaluate the correlation of 2D shape-based features with magnetic resonance elastography (MRE)-derived liver stiffness and portal hypertension (pHTN) in children with ARPKD-associated congenital hepatic fibrosis.</p>
<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>In a prospective IRB-approved study, 14 children with ARPKD (mean age ± SD = 13.8 ± 5.8 years) and 14 healthy controls (mean age ± SD = 13.7 ± 3.9 years) underwent liver MRE. A 2D region of interest (ROI) outlining the left liver lobe at the level of the abdominal aorta was drawn on sagittal T2-weighted images. Eight shape features (perimeter, major axis length, maximum diameter, perimeter to surface ratio (PSR), elongation, sphericity, minor axis length, and mesh surface) describing the 2D-ROI were calculated. Spearman's correlation was calculated between shape features and MRE-derived liver stiffness (kPa) (n = 28). Shape features were compared between participants with ARPKD with pHTN (splenomegaly and thrombocytopenia), (n = 4) and without pHTN (n = 8) using the Mann Whitney U test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to examine the diagnostic accuracy of shape features in identifying cases with liver stiffness > 2.9 kPa.</p>
<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>In ARPKD participants and healthy controls, all eight shape features, except elongation, showed moderate to strong correlation with liver stiffness (kPa); the perimeter surface ratio had the strongest correlation (rho = - 0.75, p < 0.001). In ROC analysis, a cut-off of PSR ≤ 0.057 mm gave 100% (95% CI: 59.0-100.0) sensitivity and 100% (95% CI: 83.9-100.0) specificity in identifying ARPKD participants with liver stiffness > 2.9 kPa, with an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 1.0 (95% CI: 0.88-1.00). Individuals with pHTN had a lower median PSR (mean ± SD = 0.05 ± 0.01) than those without (0.07 ± 0.01; p = 0.027) with an AUC of 0.91 (95% CI: 0.60-0.99) in differentiating the participants with and without pHTN.</p>
<p><strong>CONCLUSION: </strong>Shape-based features of the left liver lobe show potential as non-invasive biomarkers of liver fibrosis and portal hypertension in children with ARPKD.</p>
Abdom Radiol (NY)