Title

TB and TB-HIV care for adolescents and young adults.

Year of Publication

2020

Number of Pages

240-249

Date Published

2020 Feb 01

ISSN Number

1815-7920

Abstract

<p>Nine high-burden public tuberculosis (TB) clinics in Gaborone, Botswana. To evaluate the challenges encountered, healthcare worker (HCW) approaches, and supported interventions in TB and TB-HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) care for adolescents and young adults (AYA, aged 10-24 years). Semi-structured interviews with HCW in TB clinics, analyzed using thematic analysis. Sixteen HCWs were interviewed. AYA developmental needs included reliance on family support for care, increasing autonomy, attending school or work, building trust in HCWs, and intensive TB education and adherence support. Stigma strongly influenced care engagement, including clinic attendance and HIV testing. Health system barriers to optimal AYA TB care included limited staffing and resources to follow-up or support. HCWs utilized intensive education and counseling, and transitioned AYA to community-based directly observed therapy whenever feasible. HCWs supported implementation of youth-friendly services, such as AYA-friendly spaces or clinic days, training in AYA care, use of mobile applications, and peer support interventions, in addition to health system strengthening. HCWs utilize dedicated approaches for AYA with TB, but have limited time and resources for optimal care. They identified several strategies likely to improve care and better retain AYAs in TB treatment. Further work is needed to study interventions to improve AYA TB care and outcomes.</p>

DOI

10.5588/ijtld.19.0416

Alternate Title

Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis.

PMID

32127110

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