Suicidal risk and resilience in juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome: a cross-sectional cohort study.

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Date Published

2021 Jan 06

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<p><strong>BACKGROUND: </strong>To characterize suicidality among youth with juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome (JFMS) receiving treatment from pediatric rheumatologists at a tertiary care center in order to determine the prevalence of suicidality in JFMS and to explore risk factors for persistent suicidal ideation.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>We performed a cross-sectional cohort study of children 12-17 years old with JFMS seen in a specialty pediatric rheumatology pain clinic from 7/2017-9/2019. All subjects completed patient-reported outcomes measures, complemented by retrospective chart review. Subjects who endorsed item 8 on the Children's Depression Inventory, 2nd Edition (CDI-2) were categorized as endorsing suicidal ideation. We assessed for differences between the suicidal and non-suicidal patients using Wilcoxon-rank sum test. Logistic regression modeling was performed to identify psychosocial factors associated with suicidality.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>Of the 31 subjects, more than one-quarter endorsed suicidality. Nearly 90% of teens with suicidal ideation were established in outpatient counseling. In bivariate analyses, suicidality was associated with lower resilience and greater depression and anxiety (all p &lt; 0.05). Pain intensity trended towards a statistically significant positive association (OR: 1.16 [0.99-1.37]; p = 0.06). Lower resilience was independently associated with suicidality (OR: 0.90 [95% CI: 0.82-0.98]; p &lt; 0.02).</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>Suicidality was prevalent among youth with JFMS and persistent despite concurrent receipt of mental health services. Higher patient-level resilience was independently associated with a reduced odds of suicidality. Future work should examine the role of resilience training on reducing psychological distress and mitigating the risk of suicidality in JFMS.</p>



Alternate Title

Pediatr Rheumatol Online J




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