Self-Reported Health Outcomes of Children and Youth with 10 Chronic Diseases.
Year of Publication
2022 Mar 02
<p><strong>OBJECTIVES: </strong>To identify pediatric patient-reported outcomes (PROs) that are associated with chronic conditions and to evaluate the effects of chronic disease activity on PROs.</p>
<p><strong>STUDY DESIGN: </strong>Participants 8-24 years-old and their parents were enrolled into 14 studies that evaluated PROMIS® PROs across 10 chronic conditions--asthma, atopic dermatitis, cancer, cancer survivors, chronic kidney disease, Crohn's disease, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, lupus, sickle cell disease, and type 1 diabetes mellitus. PRO scores were contrasted with the United States general population of children using nationally representative percentiles. PRO-specific coefficients of variation were computed to illustrate the degree of variation in scores within versus between conditions. Condition-specific measures of disease severity and Cohens d effect sizes were used to examine PRO scores by disease activity.</p>
<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>Participants included 2,975 child respondents and 2,392 parent respondents who provided data for 3,409 unique children: 52% were 5-12 years-old, 52% female, 25% African-American/Black, and 14% Hispanic. Across all 10 chronic conditions, children reported more anxiety, fatigue, pain, and mobility restrictions than the general pediatric population. Variation in PRO scores within chronic disease cohorts was equivalent to variation within the general population, exceeding between-cohort variation by factors of 1.9 (mobility) to 5.7 (anxiety). Disease activity was consistently associated with poorer self-reported health, and these effects were weakest for peer relationships.</p>
<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>Chronic conditions are associated with symptoms and functional status in children and adolescents across 10 different disorders. These findings highlight the need to complement conventional clinical evaluations with those obtained directly from patients themselves using PROs.</p>