Sacroiliitis at diagnosis of juvenile spondyloarthritis assessed by radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and clinical examination.
Year of Publication
<p><strong>OBJECTIVE: </strong>We evaluated the prevalence of sacroiliitis at diagnosis of juvenile spondyloarthritis (JSpA) and the accuracy of physical examination and back pain to detect sacroiliitis, using imaging as the reference standard.</p>
<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>We performed a prospective cross-sectional study of 40 children with newly diagnosed JSpA and 14 healthy controls. Subjects were assessed using physical examination, anteroposterior pelvic radiograph, and pelvic MRI. Differences in clinical features between those children with and without sacroiliitis were assessed by Fisher's exact test for categorical variables and Wilcoxon rank sum test for continuous variables. Accuracy of physical examination and back pain for detection of sacroiliitis was determined using MRI as the reference standard. Predicted probability of sacroiliitis was determined using exact multivariate logistic regression.</p>
<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>Eight (20%) children with JSpA had active sacroiliitis. Of those subjects with active changes on MRI, 7/8 (88%) also had evidence of erosions or sclerosis. Five (13%) children with JSpA and 1 (7%) control had non-periarticular bone marrow edema. Of the subjects with active sacroiliitis only 3 (38%) reported a history of back pain or tenderness on palpation of the sacroiliac joints. The positive and negative predictive values of clinical exam features and back pain for detection of sacroiliitis were low. The estimated probability of having sacroiliitis was 0.84 (95% CI: 0.40-1.00) in HLA-B27+ patients with an elevated CRP.</p>
<p><strong>CONCLUSION: </strong>Active sacroiliitis by MRI is common at diagnosis in JSpA and is frequently asymptomatic. Children who are HLA-B27+ and have elevated CRP levels have the highest probability of sacroiliitis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.</p>
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken)