Title

A qualitative study of caregiver perspectives on health policy discussions initiated by pediatricians.

Year of Publication

2021

Date Published

2021 Sep 02

ISSN Number

1876-2867

Abstract

<p><strong>BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: </strong>Prior studies suggest that pediatricians believe discussing health policy issues with families is important. Caregiver preferences on these discussions, however, have not been examined. We explored circumstances in which caregivers may be receptive to discussing health policy issues with pediatricians.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>We conducted 26 semi-structured interviews with mostly Black female caregivers at three urban academic pediatric primary care practices. Using both structured and open response questions, we explored four primary content areas: 1) caregivers' perspectives on discussing health policy issues in pediatricians' offices; 2) which health policy topics caregivers may prefer to discuss; 3) factors that render policy discussions in the clinic inappropriate to caregivers; and 4) which communication modalities caregivers prefer. Interview transcripts were coded and analyzed using content analysis.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>Themes that emerged from interviews included: 1) pediatricians are perceived as trusted information sources on health policy; 2) caregivers want to talk with pediatricians about children's health insurance policy changes; 3) time-constraints are a barrier to health policy discussions; 4) caregivers prefer to discuss health policy topics during well-child visits; 5) caregivers want the option to opt out of these conversations; 6) preferred modalities for communicating about health policy issues, including printed materials and health fairs or educational events.</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSION: </strong>Caregivers expressed a satisfactory view of pediatricians discussing directly relevant health policy issues, including congressional debates on health insurance, in the primary care setting. Our findings highlight other caregiver preferences for engaging families in health policy discussions, including the timing of these conversations.</p>

DOI

10.1016/j.acap.2021.08.019

Alternate Title

Acad Pediatr

PMID

34482016

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