Title

Promoting Human Milk and Breastfeeding for the Very Low Birth Weight Infant.

Year of Publication

2021

Date Published

2021 Oct 11

ISSN Number

1098-4275

Abstract

<p>Provision of mother's own milk for hospitalized very low birth weight (VLBW) (≤1500 g) infants in the NICU provides short- and long-term health benefits. Mother's own milk, appropriately fortified, is the optimal nutrition source for VLBW infants. Every mother should receive information about the critical importance of mother's own milk to the health of a VLBW infant. Pasteurized human donor milk is recommended when mother's own milk is not available or sufficient. Neonatal health care providers can support lactation in the NICU and potentially reduce disparities in the provision of mother's own milk by providing institutional supports for early and frequent milk expression and by promoting skin-to-skin contact and direct breastfeeding, when appropriate. Promotion of human milk and breastfeeding for VLBW infants requires multidisciplinary and system-wide adoption of lactation support practices.</p>

DOI

10.1542/peds.2021-054272

Alternate Title

Pediatrics

PMID

34635582

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