Preconception and Interconception Pediatric Primary Care Utilization of Pregnant and Parenting Teens.

Year of Publication


Date Published

2021 Jan 19

ISSN Number



<p><strong>PURPOSE: </strong>Gaps in preventive care may contribute to adverse outcomes among pregnant teens. This study quantified teen preventive care utilization before and after pregnancy.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>A continuous retrospective cohort identified 150 teens with a positive pregnancy test (July 2015 to May 2017) at two pediatric primary care sites. Chart review assessed office visits for 18&nbsp;months before and after the pregnancy test. We also assessed contraceptive counseling, pregnancy outcomes (live birth, miscarriage, termination), and continuity with a single clinician. Demographic factors included age, race, ethnicity, primary insurance, and residential zip code. Logistic regression identified factors associated with visits after pregnancy. Separately, for a cohort&nbsp;of 47 parenting teens who received primary care at the same site as their infants, we assessed teen-infant care after birth.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>Teens were predominantly non-Latina black (91%) and Medicaid insured (71%). Before pregnancy, most teens had preventive visits (66%) and reported contraceptive use (65%). After pregnancy, 52% discussed pregnancy decisions within a month, 55% reported contraceptive use, and 64% had any primary care visit. Postpregnancy visits were associated with teen age (&lt;18 vs.&nbsp;≥18&nbsp;years odds ratio 2.84, 95% confidence interval 1.17-6.90) and pregnancy outcome (termination vs. live birth odds ratio 4.02, 95% confidence interval 1.47-11.01). Among parenting teens, there were more infant visits than teen visits, and continuity was higher for infants.</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSION: </strong>In a primary care cohort of pregnant teens, gaps persisted in pediatric clinical follow-up after pregnancy. Particularly in situations where pregnancy led to a birth, pregnancy frequently prompted a transition away from pediatric care.</p>



Alternate Title

J Adolesc Health




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