Measuring quality of care in moderate and late preterm infants.
Year of Publication
2022 Mar 30
<p><strong>OBJECTIVE: </strong>To examine quality measures for moderate and late preterm (MLP) infants.</p>
<p><strong>STUDY DESIGN: </strong>By prospectively analyzing Vermont Oxford Network's all NICU admissions database, we adapted Baby-MONITOR, a composite quality measure for extremely/very preterm infants, for MLP infants. We examined correlations between the adapted MLP quality measure (MLP-QM) in MLP infants and Baby-MONITOR in extremely and very preterm infants.</p>
<p><strong>RESULT: </strong>We studied 376,219 MLP (30-36 weeks GA) and 57,595 extremely/very preterm (25-29 weeks GA) infants from 465 U.S. hospitals born from 2016 to 2020. MLP-QM summary scores in MLP infants had weak correlation with Baby-MONITOR scores in extremely and very preterm infants (r = 0.47). There was weak correlation among survival (r = 0.19), no pneumothorax (r = 0.35), and no infection after 3 days (r = 0.45), but strong correlation among human milk at discharge (r = 0.79) and no hypothermia (r = 0.76).</p>
<p><strong>CONCLUSION: </strong>Modest correlation among hospital care measures in two preterm populations suggests the need for MLP-specific care measures.</p>