Lateral Neck Radiography in Preoperative Evaluation of Adenoid Hypertrophy.

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Date Published

2019 Dec 21

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<p><strong>OBJECTIVE: </strong>To assess the value of lateral neck radiographs in quantifying adenoid hypertrophy to help guide treatment decisions in patients with symptoms of nasal obstruction.</p>

<p><strong>STUDY DESIGN: </strong>Retrospective review.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>Quantitative radiologic grading of adenoids was correlated with the intraoperative grading to select cases in agreement between the two methods. The percent airway obstruction was calculated as a ratio of adenoid size to the size of the nasopharyngeal airway near the level of the choanae on the lateral neck radiographs for adenoidectomy cases in which radiographic and intraoperative grading of adenoid size were in agreement.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>A total of 426 adenoidectomy cases with preoperative lateral neck radiographs were reviewed (M:F = 254:172 for age range 9 months to 16 years), and only cases in agreement between radiographic and intraoperative adenoid grading were included in radiographic analysis (N = 234). The percent airway obstruction values were significantly different between "severely obstructive" (N = 137, mean = 94.71, SD = 6.55, range [72.00; 100.00]) and "moderately obstructive" adenoid categories (N = 97, mean = 78.53, SD = 6.91, range [63.67; 98.08]), not only within clinically relevant age groups (1-3 years, 4-7 years, 8-15 years), but also for the entire data set (95% CI [14.41; 17.95],  &lt; .0001). "Mildly obstructive" category was omitted due to small sample size (N = 4).</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSION: </strong>Lateral neck radiographs can provide useful supplemental information on the degree of nasopharyngeal airway obstruction when other clinical findings do not clearly point toward adenoid hypertrophy as a primary cause of nasal obstruction. In our data set, a 65% nasopharyngeal airway obstruction represents a value two standard deviations below the mean for "moderately" obstructive adenoid category, and can be viewed as a simplified cut-off to indicate that the degree of adenoid enlargement is clinically relevant. This cut-off value can assist in evaluation of patients with symptoms of nasal obstruction.</p>

<p><strong>LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: </strong>4.</p>



Alternate Title

Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol.




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