Incidence Rates of Psoriasis in Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Juvenile Arthritis Treated with TNFi Agents and DMARDs.
Year of Publication
2022 Apr 15
<p><strong>OBJECTIVE: </strong>To estimate the differential effect of tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) therapies and presence/absence of conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) on the incidence of psoriasis in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO).</p>
<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>This was a retrospective cohort study from 2008 to 2020. TNFi and DMARD exposures were dichotomized as ever/never. The primary outcome was incident psoriasis. Incidence rates (IRs) of psoriasis were stratified by underlying diagnosis, TNFi agent, and DMARD use. Poisson regression was used to assess the IR ratios (IRR) between exposure groups.</p>
<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>5088 children met inclusion criteria - 3794 (75%) had IBD, 1189 (23%) had JIA, and 105 (2%) had CNO. 613 (30%) and 1410 (70%) had TNFi exposure with or without a DMARD, respectively. IRR of developing psoriasis in patients exposed to adalimumab was 2.70 times higher (95% CI: 1.52-4.75; p<0.001) than those who did not receive any TNFi treatment, when controlling for DMARD, sex, and family history of psoriasis. IRR was lower, but not significantly different, for patients exposed to infliximab (IRR=2.34; 95% CI: 1.56-3.51; p<0.001) and etanercept (IRR=2.22; 95% CI: 1.17-4.21; p=0.006) compared to TNFi unexposed patients. IRR of TNFi exposure was lower by 0.25 (p<0.001) in DMARD exposed patients compared to non- DMARD exposed patients.</p>
<p><strong>CONCLUSION: </strong>IRR of TNFi-induced psoriasis was not significantly different amongst adalimumab, infliximab, and etanercept. However, for patients with exposure to any of the TNFi evaluated, the IRR was significantly lower in those also exposed to a DMARD.</p>