Title

The Impact of Sex and Gender on Clinical Care and Research Design in Nephrolithiasis.

Year of Publication

2021

Number of Pages

54-57

Date Published

2021 05

ISSN Number

1527-9995

Abstract

<p>Although classically a disease of male preponderance, scrutiny of the available data on&nbsp;nephrolithiasis&nbsp;reveals substantial epidemiological discrepancies between males and females, suggesting sex-based&nbsp;pathophysiology&nbsp;underlying this disease.&nbsp;Furthermore, sex-based differences may exist in underlying urinary risk factors, presentation, and treatment response. Recognizing these differences will be essential to further understand the multitude of etiologies of kidney stone disease and aid in developing appropriately designed comparative effectiveness trials.</p>

DOI

10.1016/j.urology.2020.04.089

Alternate Title

Urology

PMID

32387245

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