Fidelity evaluation of the dialogue around respiratory illness treatment (DART) program communication training.

Year of Publication


Date Published

2022 Mar 14

ISSN Number



<p><strong>OBJECTIVE: </strong>To evaluate receipt fidelity of communication training content included in a multifaceted intervention known to reduce antibiotic over-prescribing for pediatric acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs), by examining the degree to which clinicians implemented the intended communication behavior changes.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>Parents were surveyed regarding clinician communication behaviors immediately after attending 1026 visits by children 6 months to &lt;&nbsp;11 years old diagnosed with ARTIs by 53 clinicians in 18 pediatric practices. Communication outcomes analyzed were whether clinicians: (A) provided both a combined (negative + positive) treatment recommendation and a contingency plan (full implementation); (B) provided either a combined treatment recommendation or a contingency plan (partial implementation); or (C) provided neither (no implementation). We used mixed effects multinomial logistic regression to determine whether these 3 communication outcomes changed between baseline and the time periods following each of 3 training modules.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>After completing the communication training, the adjusted probability of clinicians fully implementing the intended communication behavior changes increased by an absolute 8.1% compared to baseline (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 2.4%, 13.8%, p&nbsp;=&nbsp;.005).</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>Our findings support the receipt fidelity of the intervention's communication training content.</p>

<p><strong>PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: </strong>Clinicians can be trained to implement communication behaviors that may aid in reducing antibiotic over-prescribing for ARTIs.</p>



Alternate Title

Patient Educ Couns