Title

Elimination of Perinatal Hepatitis B: Providing the First Vaccine Dose Within 24 Hours of Birth.

Year of Publication

2017

Date Published

2017 Sep

ISSN Number

1098-4275

Abstract

<p>After the introduction of the hepatitis B vaccine in the United States in 1982, a greater than 90% reduction in new infections was achieved. However, approximately 1000 new cases of perinatal hepatitis B infection are still identified annually in the United States. Prevention of perinatal hepatitis B relies on the proper and timely identification of infants born to mothers who are hepatitis B surface antigen positive and to mothers with unknown status to ensure administration of appropriate postexposure immunoprophylaxis with hepatitis B vaccine and immune globulin. To reduce the incidence of perinatal hepatitis B transmission further, the American Academy of Pediatrics endorses the recommendation of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that all newborn infants with a birth weight of greater than or equal to 2000 g receive hepatitis B vaccine by 24 hours of age.</p>

DOI

10.1542/peds.2017-1870

Alternate Title

Pediatrics

PMID

28847980

WATCH THIS PAGE

Subscription is not available for this page.