Daily text message assessments of 6-mercaptopurine adherence and its proximal contexts in adolescents and young adults with leukemia: A pilot study.

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2020 Oct 18

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<p><strong>BACKGROUND: </strong>This pilot study explored the feasibility and acceptability of implementing text-based assessments of oral chemotherapy adherence in adolescents and young adults (AYA) with leukemia.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>AYA prescribed maintenance 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) received daily text message surveys and utilized an electronic pill bottle for 28&nbsp;days. Text surveys assessed 6MP adherence and contextual associates (eg, mood). Feasibility was defined by recruitment/retention rates, survey completion rates, cost, and technical issues. After the 28-day period, AYA completed an acceptability survey. Secondary analyses compared text survey and electronic pill bottle adherence rates, and explored the daily associations between contextual factors and 6MP nonadherence.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>Eighteen AYA enrolled (M age&nbsp;=&nbsp;18, range 15-22) and completed study procedures (100% recruitment and retention rates). Adherence survey completion rates were high (M&nbsp;=&nbsp;88.9%), the technology cost was $204.00, and there were few technical issues. AYA reported high satisfaction with the surveys and perceived them as a helpful medication reminder. While not significantly correlated, survey and electronic pill bottle adherence data converged on the majority of days (&gt;90%). Exploratory analyses showed that AYA were more likely to miss a dose of 6MP on weekends (OR&nbsp;=&nbsp;2.33, P&nbsp;=&nbsp;.048) and on days when their adherence motivation (OR&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.28, P&nbsp;=&nbsp;.047) and negative effect (OR&nbsp;=&nbsp;3.92, P&nbsp;=&nbsp;.02) worsened from their own typical functioning.</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>For AYA with leukemia, daily text-based surveys are a feasible and acceptable method for delivering medication adherence assessments, and may operate as a short-term intervention. To develop personalized mobile health interventions, findings also highlighted the need to study time-varying predictors of 6MP nonadherence.</p>



Alternate Title

Pediatr Blood Cancer




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