Computer-Aided Diagnosis of Congenital Abnormalities of the Kidney and Urinary Tract in Children Using a Multi-Instance Deep Learning Method Based on Ultrasound Imaging Data.
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<p>Ultrasound images are widely used for diagnosis of congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT). Since a typical clinical ultrasound image captures 2D information of a specific view plan of the kidney and images of the same kidney on different planes have varied appearances, it is challenging to develop a computer aided diagnosis tool robust to ultrasound images in different views. To overcome this problem, we develop a multi-instance deep learning method for distinguishing children with CAKUT from controls based on their clinical ultrasound images, aiming to automatic diagnose the CAKUT in children based on ultrasound imaging data. Particularly, a multi-instance deep learning method was developed to build a robust pattern classifier to distinguish children with CAKUT from controls based on their ultrasound images in sagittal and transverse views obtained during routine clinical care. The classifier was built on imaging features derived using transfer learning from a pre-trained deep learning model with a mean pooling operator for fusing instance-level classification results. Experimental results have demonstrated that the multi-instance deep learning classifier performed better than classifiers built on either individual sagittal slices or individual transverse slices.</p>
Proc IEEE Int Symp Biomed Imaging