A Comparison Between Patent Ductus Arteriosus Stent and Modified Blalock-Taussig Shunt as Palliation for Infants with Ductal-Dependent Pulmonary Blood Flow: Insights From the Congenital Catheterization Research Collaborative.
Year of Publication
Number of Pages
2018 Feb 6
<p>Background -Infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow may undergo palliation with either a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) stent or modified Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt. A balanced multi-center comparison of these two approaches is lacking. Methods -Infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow, palliated with either PDA stent or BT shunt from 1/08 to 11/15, were reviewed from the four member centers of the Congenital Catheterization Research Collaborative. Outcomes were compared using propensity score adjustment to account for baseline differences between groups. Results -106 PDA stent and 251 BT shunt patients were included. The groups differed in underlying anatomy (expected two-ventricle circulation in 60% of PDA stents v. 45% of BT shunts, p=0.001), and presence of antegrade pulmonary blood flow (61% of PDA stents v. 38% of BT shunts, p<0.001). After propensity score adjustment, there was no difference in the hazard of the primary composite outcome of death or unplanned reintervention to treat cyanosis [HR=0.8 (95% CI: 0.52 - 1.23), p=0.31]. Other reinterventions were more common in the PDA stent group [HR=29.8 (95% CI: 9.8 - 91.1, p<0.001]. However, the PDA stent group had a lower adjusted ICU length of stay [5.3 (95% CI 4.2 - 6.7) v. 9.19 (95% CI 7.9 - 10.6) days, p<0.001], a lower risk of diuretic use at discharge [OR=0.4 (95% CI: 0.25 - 0.64), p<0.001] and procedural complications [OR=0.4 (95% CI: 0.2 - 0.77), p=0.006], and larger [152 (95% CI: 132 - 176) v. 125 (95% CI: 113 - 138) mm(2)/m(2), p=0.029] and more symmetric [symmetry index 0.84 (95% CI: 0.8 - 0.89) v. 0.77 (95% CI: 0.75 - 0.8), p=0.008] pulmonary arteries at the time of subsequent surgical repair or last follow-up. Conclusions -In this multi-center comparison of palliative PDA stent and BT shunt for infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow, adjusted for differences in patient factors, there was no difference in the primary endpoint, death or unplanned reintervention to treat cyanosis. However, other markers of morbidity and pulmonary artery size favored the PDA stent group, supporting PDA stent as a reasonable alternative to BT shunt in select patients.</p>