Classification scheme for ductal morphology in cyanotic patients with ductal dependent pulmonary blood flow and association with outcomes of patent ductus arteriosus stenting.

Year of Publication


Date Published

2019 Feb 21

ISSN Number



<p><strong>OBJECTIVES: </strong>To devise a classification scheme for ductal morphology in patients with ductal dependent pulmonary blood flow (PBF) that can be used to assess outcomes.</p>

<p><strong>BACKGROUND: </strong>The impact of ductal morphology on outcomes following patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) stenting is not well defined.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>Patients &lt;1 year of age who underwent PDA stenting for ductal dependent PBF at the four centers comprising the Congenital Catheterization Research Collaborative (CCRC) were included. A classification scheme for PDA morphology was devised based on a tortuosity index (TI)-Type I (straight), Type II (one turn), and Type III (multiple turns). A subtype classification was used based upon the ductal origin.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>One hundred and five patients underwent PDA stenting. TI was Type I in 58, Type II in 24, and Type III in 23 PDAs, respectively. There was a significant association between ductal origin and vascular access site (p &lt; 0.001). Procedure times and need for &gt;1 stent did not differ based on TI. Greater TI was associated with pulmonary artery (PA) jailing (p = 0.003). Twelve (11.4%) patients underwent unplanned reintervention, more commonly with greater TI (p = 0.022) and PA jailing (p &lt; 0.001). At the time of subsequent surgical repair/palliative staging, PA arterioplasty was performed in 32 patients, more commonly when a PA was jailed (p = 0.048). PA jailing did not affect PA size at follow up.</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>The proposed qualitative and quantitative PDA morphology classification scheme may be helpful in anticipating outcomes in patients with ductal dependent PBF undergoing PDA stenting.</p>



Alternate Title

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv




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