Adipocytokines and Associations with Abnormal Body Composition in Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Year of Publication
2021 Sep 24
<p><strong>PURPOSE: </strong>We determined associations between adipokines and abnormal body composition in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).</p>
<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>Combining data from three RA cohorts, whole-body dual-energy absorptiometry measures of appendicular lean mass and fat mass indices were converted to age, sex, and race-specific Z-Scores. Lean mass relative to fat mass was determined based on prior methods. Independent associations between body composition profiles and circulating levels of adiponectin, leptin, and fibroblast growth factor(FGF)-21 were assessed using linear and logistic regression models adjusting for demographics and study cohort. We also determined the improvement in the area-under-the-curve (AUC) for prediction of low lean mass when adipokines were added to predictive models that included clinical factors such as demographics, study, and body mass index (BMI).</p>
<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>Among 419 participants, older age was associated with higher levels of all adipokines while higher C-reactive protein was associated with lower adiponectin levels and higher FGF-21 levels. Greater fat mass was strongly associated with lower adiponectin levels and higher leptin and FGF-21 levels. Higher levels of adiponectin, leptin, and FGF-21 were independently associated with low lean mass. The addition of adiponectin and leptin levels to regression models improved prediction of low lean mass when combined with demographics, study, and BMI (AUC 0.75 v. 0.66).</p>
<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>Adipokines are associated with both excess adiposity and low lean mass in patients with RA. Improvements in the prediction of body composition abnormalities suggest that laboratory screening could help identify patients with altered body composition who may be at greater risk of adverse outcomes.</p>
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken)