Abnormalities in the Von Willebrand-Angiopoietin Axis Contribute to Dysregulated Angiogenesis and Angiodysplasia in Children With a Glenn Circulation.
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<p>Children with a bidirectional superior cavopulmonary (Glenn) circulation develop angiodysplasia and pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The von Willebrand factor (vWF)-angiopoietin axis plays a major role in AVM formation in multiple diseases. We observed derangements in global angiogenic signaling, vWF metabolism, angiopoietins, and in vitro angiogenesis in children with a Glenn circulation versus controls and within Glenn pulmonary versus systemic circulations. These findings support the novel hypothesis that abnormalities in the vWF-angiopoietin axis may dysregulate angiogenesis and contribute to Glenn pulmonary AVMs. The vWF-angiopoietin axis may be a target to correct angiogenic imbalance in Glenn patients, for whom no targeted therapy exists.</p>
JACC Basic Transl Sci