First name
Julia
Last name
Schuchard

Title

Patient-Reported Outcomes Over 24 Months in Pediatric CKD: Findings From the MyKidneyHealth Cohort Study.

Year of Publication

2023

Date Published

03/2023

ISSN Number

1523-6838

Abstract

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: The lived experience of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is poorly characterized. We examined the associations between patient-reported outcomes (PROs) measuring children's fatigue, sleep health, psychological distress, family relationships, and global health with clinical outcomes over time in children with CKD and investigated how PROs of children with CKD compare with those of other children.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.

SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 212 children 8-21 years-old with CKD and their parents recruited from 16 nephrology programs across North America.

PREDICTORS: CKD stage, disease etiology, sociodemographic and clinical variables.

OUTCOMES: PROs over 2 years.

ANALYTICAL APPROACH: We compared PROs in the CKD sample with a nationally representative general pediatric population. Change of PROs over time and association of sociodemographic and clinical variables with PROs were assessed using multivariable regression models.

RESULTS: 84% parents and 77% children completed PROs at all time points. Baseline PRO scores for children with CKD revealed higher burden of fatigue, sleep-related impairment, psychological distress, impaired global health, and poorer family relationships compared with the general pediatric population, with median score differences ≥ one standard deviation for fatigue and global health. Baseline PRO scores did not differ by CKD stage or glomerular vs. non-glomerular etiology. Over two years, PROs were stable with < 1-point annual change on average on each measure and intraclass correlation coefficients ranging 0.53 to 0.79, indicating high stability. Hospitalization and parent-reported sleep problems were associated with worse fatigue, psychological health and global health scores (all p<0.04).

LIMITATIONS: Unable to assess responsiveness to change with dialysis or transplant.

CONCLUSIONS: Children with CKD experience high, yet stable burden of impairment across numerous PRO measures, especially fatigue and global health, independent of disease severity. These findings underscore the importance of assessing PRO, including fatigue and sleep measures, in this vulnerable population.

DOI

10.1053/j.ajkd.2022.12.014

Alternate Title

Am J Kidney Dis

PMID

36889426
Featured Publication
No

Title

Self-Reported Health Outcomes of Children and Youth with 10 Chronic Diseases.

Year of Publication

2022

Date Published

2022 Mar 02

ISSN Number

1097-6833

Abstract

<p><strong>OBJECTIVES: </strong>To identify pediatric patient-reported outcomes (PROs) that are associated with chronic conditions and to evaluate the effects of chronic disease activity on PROs.</p>

<p><strong>STUDY DESIGN: </strong>Participants 8-24 years-old and their parents were enrolled into 14 studies that evaluated PROMIS® PROs across 10 chronic conditions--asthma, atopic dermatitis, cancer, cancer survivors, chronic kidney disease, Crohn's disease, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, lupus, sickle cell disease, and type 1 diabetes mellitus. PRO scores were contrasted with the United States general population of children using nationally representative percentiles. PRO-specific coefficients of variation were computed to illustrate the degree of variation in scores within versus between conditions. Condition-specific measures of disease severity and Cohens d effect sizes were used to examine PRO scores by disease activity.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>Participants included 2,975 child respondents and 2,392 parent respondents who provided data for 3,409 unique children: 52% were 5-12 years-old, 52% female, 25% African-American/Black, and 14% Hispanic. Across all 10 chronic conditions, children reported more anxiety, fatigue, pain, and mobility restrictions than the general pediatric population. Variation in PRO scores within chronic disease cohorts was equivalent to variation within the general population, exceeding between-cohort variation by factors of 1.9 (mobility) to 5.7 (anxiety). Disease activity was consistently associated with poorer self-reported health, and these effects were weakest for peer relationships.</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>Chronic conditions are associated with symptoms and functional status in children and adolescents across 10 different disorders. These findings highlight the need to complement conventional clinical evaluations with those obtained directly from patients themselves using PROs.</p>

DOI

10.1016/j.jpeds.2022.02.052

Alternate Title

J Pediatr

PMID

35247394

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