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OBJECTIVES: Using an electronic health record (EHR)-enabled pediatric lupus registry, we evaluated high-quality care delivery in the context of provider goal-setting activities and a multidisciplinary care model. We then determined associations between care quality and prednisone use among youth with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
METHODS: We implemented standardized EHR documentation tools to auto-populate a SLE registry. We compared pediatric lupus care index (p-LuCI) performance (range 0.0-1.0; 1.0 representing perfect metric adherence) and timely follow-up a) before vs. during provider goal-setting activities and population management, and b) in multidisciplinary lupus nephritis vs. rheumatology clinic. We estimated associations between p-LuCI and subsequent prednisone use, adjusted for time, current medication, disease activity, clinical features, and social determinants of health.
RESULTS: We analyzed 830 visits by 110 patients (median 7 visits/patient [IQR 4-10]) over 3.5 years. The provider-directed activity was associated with improved p-LuCI performance (adjusted β 0.05, 95%CI [0.01-0.09]; mean 0.74 vs. 0.69). Patients with nephritis in multidisciplinary clinic had higher p-LuCI (adjusted β 0.06, 95%CI [0.02-0.10]) and likelihood of timely follow-up than those in rheumatology (adjusted RR 1.27, 95%CI [1.02-1.57]). p-LuCI ≥0.50 was associated with 0.72-fold lower adjusted risk of subsequent prednisone use (95%CI [0.53-0.93]). Minoritized race, public insurance, and living in areas with greater social vulnerability were not associated with reduced care quality or follow-up, but public insurance was associated with higher risk of prednisone use.
CONCLUSION: Greater attention to quality metrics associates with better outcomes in childhood SLE. Multidisciplinary care models with population management may additionally facilitate equitable care delivery. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.