First name
Pediatric
Middle name
Emergency Care Applied Research Network FLUID Study
Last name
Group
Nickname
PECARN

Title

Pyuria in Children with Diabetic Ketoacidosis.

Year of Publication

2023

Number of Pages

204-207.e2

Date Published

01/2023

ISSN Number

1097-6833

Abstract

Acute kidney injury occurs frequently during pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). We reviewed urinalyses from 561 children with DKA; pyuria was detected in 19% overall and in 40% of children with more comprehensive urine testing (≥3 urinalyses) during DKA.

DOI

10.1016/j.jpeds.2022.08.054

Alternate Title

J Pediatr

PMID

36084731

Title

Pyuria in Children with Diabetic Ketoacidosis.

Year of Publication

2022

Date Published

09/2022

ISSN Number

1097-6833

Abstract

Acute kidney injury occurs frequently during pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). We reviewed urinalyses from 561 children with DKA; pyuria was detected in 19% overall and in 40% of children with more comprehensive urine testing (>3 urinalyses) during DKA.

DOI

10.1016/j.jpeds.2022.08.054

Alternate Title

J Pediatr

PMID

36084731

Title

Effects of Fluid Rehydration Strategy on Correction of Acidosis and Electrolyte Abnormalities in Children With Diabetic Ketoacidosis.

Year of Publication

2021

Date Published

2021 Jun 29

ISSN Number

1935-5548

Abstract

<p><strong>OBJECTIVE: </strong>Fluid replacement to correct dehydration, acidosis, and electrolyte abnormalities is the cornerstone of treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), but little is known about optimal fluid infusion rates and electrolyte content. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether different fluid protocols affect the rate of normalization of biochemical derangements during DKA treatment.</p>

<p><strong>RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: </strong>The current analysis involved moderate or severe DKA episodes ( = 714) in children age &lt;18 years enrolled in the Fluid Therapies Under Investigation in DKA (FLUID) Trial. Children were assigned to one of four treatment groups using a 2 × 2 factorial design (0.90% or 0.45% saline and fast or slow rate of administration).</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>The rate of change of pH did not differ by treatment arm, but Pco increased more rapidly in the fast versus slow fluid infusion arms during the initial 4 h of treatment. The anion gap also decreased more rapidly in the fast versus slow infusion arms during the initial 4 and 8 h. Glucose-corrected sodium levels remained stable in patients assigned to 0.90% saline but decreased in those assigned to 0.45% saline at 4 and 8 h. Potassium levels decreased, while chloride levels increased more rapidly with 0.90% versus 0.45% saline. Hyperchloremic acidosis occurred more frequently in patients in the fast arms (46.1%) versus the slow arms (35.2%).</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>In children treated for DKA, faster fluid administration rates led to a more rapid normalization of anion gap and Pco than slower fluid infusion rates but were associated with an increased frequency of hyperchloremic acidosis.</p>

DOI

10.2337/dc20-3113

Alternate Title

Diabetes Care

PMID

34187840

WATCH THIS PAGE

Subscription is not available for this page.