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An interprofessional team-based intervention to address barriers to initiating palliative care in pediatric oncology: a multiple-method evaluation of feasibility, acceptability, and impact.

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2021 Jun 18

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<p><strong>CONTEXT: </strong>Many children with advanced cancer are not referred to palliative care despite both professional recommendations to do so and bereaved parental preference for earlier support from sub-specialty palliative care.</p>

<p><strong>OBJECTIVES: </strong>To assess the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of an adaptive intervention to address individual and team-level barriers to specialty palliative care referrals.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>A multiple-method approach assessed feasibility and acceptability among clinicians from pediatric oncology teams at a single institution. Quantitative measures of comfort with palliative care consultations, team cohesion, and team collaboration were conducted before and after the intervention. Number of palliative care consults were examined before, during, and after sessions. Intervention satisfaction surveys and qualitative interviews were conducted after the intervention.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>Twenty-six team members (90% of consented) attended at least one intervention session with 20 (69%) participants completing 75% or more sessions. The intervention was modified in response to participant feedback. After the intervention, participants reported greater team cohesion, comfort discussing palliative care consultation, team collaboration, process satisfaction, and decision satisfaction. Participants agreed that the training was useful, effective, helpful, and worthwhile, that they would use the skills, and that they would recommend the training to other providers. The numbers of palliative care consults increased before intervention sessions were conducted, but did not significantly change during or after the sessions. In the interviews, participants reported overall favorably regarding the intervention with some participants reporting changes in practice.</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSION: </strong>An adaptive intervention to reduce barriers to initiating palliative care for pediatric oncology teams is feasible and acceptable.</p>



Alternate Title

J Pain Symptom Manage




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