First name
Margaret
Middle name
G
Last name
Parker

Title

Addressing bias and knowledge gaps regarding race and ethnicity in neonatology manuscript review.

Year of Publication

2022

Date Published

06/2022

ISSN Number

1476-5543

Abstract

A recent shift in public attention to racism, racial disparities, and health equity have resulted in an abundance of calls for relevant papers and publications in academic journals. Peer-review for such articles may be susceptible to bias, as subject matter expertise in the evaluation of social constructs, like race, is variable. From the perspective of researchers focused on neonatal health equity, we share our positive and negative experiences in peer-review, provide relevant publicly available data regarding addressing bias in peer-review from 12 neonatology-focused journals, and give recommendations to address bias and knowledge gaps in the peer review process of health equity research.

DOI

10.1038/s41372-022-01420-7

Alternate Title

J Perinatol

PMID

35668123

Title

Promoting Human Milk and Breastfeeding for the Very Low Birth Weight Infant.

Year of Publication

2021

Date Published

2021 Oct 11

ISSN Number

1098-4275

Abstract

<p>Provision of mother's own milk for hospitalized very low birth weight (VLBW) (≤1500 g) infants in the NICU provides short- and long-term health benefits. Mother's own milk, appropriately fortified, is the optimal nutrition source for VLBW infants. Every mother should receive information about the critical importance of mother's own milk to the health of a VLBW infant. Pasteurized human donor milk is recommended when mother's own milk is not available or sufficient. Neonatal health care providers can support lactation in the NICU and potentially reduce disparities in the provision of mother's own milk by providing institutional supports for early and frequent milk expression and by promoting skin-to-skin contact and direct breastfeeding, when appropriate. Promotion of human milk and breastfeeding for VLBW infants requires multidisciplinary and system-wide adoption of lactation support practices.</p>

DOI

10.1542/peds.2021-054272

Alternate Title

Pediatrics

PMID

34635582

Title

Racial and ethnic disparities in preterm birth outcomes: a call to action for neonatal providers.

Year of Publication

2021

Date Published

2021 Jan 28

ISSN Number

1476-5543

DOI

10.1038/s41372-021-00917-x

Alternate Title

J Perinatol

PMID

33510416

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