First name
Kai
Last name
Wang

Title

Development of a phenotype ontology for autism spectrum disorder by natural language processing on electronic health records.

Year of Publication

2022

Number of Pages

32

Date Published

05/2022

ISSN Number

1866-1955

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental condition characterized by restricted, repetitive behavior, and impaired social communication and interactions. However, significant challenges remain in diagnosing and subtyping ASD due in part to the lack of a validated, standardized vocabulary to characterize clinical phenotypic presentation of ASD. Although the human phenotype ontology (HPO) plays an important role in delineating nuanced phenotypes for rare genetic diseases, it is inadequate to capture characteristic of behavioral and psychiatric phenotypes for individuals with ASD. There is a clear need, therefore, for a well-established phenotype terminology set that can assist in characterization of ASD phenotypes from patients' clinical narratives.

METHODS: To address this challenge, we used natural language processing (NLP) techniques to identify and curate ASD phenotypic terms from high-quality unstructured clinical notes in the electronic health record (EHR) on 8499 individuals with ASD, 8177 individuals with non-ASD psychiatric disorders, and 8482 individuals without a documented psychiatric disorder. We further performed dimensional reduction clustering analysis to subgroup individuals with ASD, using nonnegative matrix factorization method.

RESULTS: Through a note-processing pipeline that includes several steps of state-of-the-art NLP approaches, we identified 3336 ASD terms linking to 1943 unique medical concepts, which represents among the largest ASD terminology set to date. The extracted ASD terms were further organized in a formal ontology structure similar to the HPO. Clustering analysis showed that these terms could be used in a diagnostic pipeline to differentiate individuals with ASD from individuals with other psychiatric disorders.

CONCLUSION: Our ASD phenotype ontology can assist clinicians and researchers in characterizing individuals with ASD, facilitating automated diagnosis, and subtyping individuals with ASD to facilitate personalized therapeutic decision-making.

DOI

10.1186/s11689-022-09442-0

Alternate Title

J Neurodev Disord

PMID

35606697

Title

Natural language processing (NLP) tools in extracting biomedical concepts from research articles: a case study on autism spectrum disorder.

Year of Publication

2020

Number of Pages

322

Date Published

2020 Dec 30

ISSN Number

1472-6947

Abstract

<p><strong>BACKGROUND: </strong>Natural language processing (NLP) tools can facilitate the extraction of biomedical concepts from unstructured free texts, such as research articles or clinical notes. The NLP software tools CLAMP, cTAKES, and MetaMap are among the most widely used tools to extract biomedical concept entities. However, their performance in extracting disease-specific terminology from literature has not been compared extensively, especially for complex neuropsychiatric disorders with a diverse set of phenotypic and clinical manifestations.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>We comparatively evaluated these NLP tools using autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as a case study. We collected 827 ASD-related terms based on previous literature as the benchmark list for performance evaluation. Then, we applied&nbsp;CLAMP, cTAKES, and MetaMap on 544 full-text articles and 20,408 abstracts from PubMed to extract&nbsp;ASD-related terms. We evaluated the predictive performance using precision, recall, and F1 score.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>We found that CLAMP has the best performance in terms of F1 score followed by cTAKES and then MetaMap. Our results show that CLAMP has much higher precision than cTAKES and MetaMap, while cTAKES and MetaMap have higher recall than CLAMP.</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSION: </strong>The analysis protocols used in this study can be applied to other neuropsychiatric or neurodevelopmental disorders that lack well-defined terminology sets to describe their phenotypic presentations.</p>

DOI

10.1186/s12911-020-01352-2

Alternate Title

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak

PMID

33380331

WATCH THIS PAGE

Subscription is not available for this page.