First name
Ari
Middle name
J
Last name
Gartenberg

Title

Variation in Advanced Diagnostic Imaging Practice Patterns and Associated Risks Prior to Superior Cavopulmonary Connection: A Multicenter Analysis.

Year of Publication

2021

Date Published

2021 Nov 23

ISSN Number

1432-1971

Abstract

<p>Single ventricle patients typically undergo some form of advanced diagnostic imaging prior to superior cavopulmonary connection (SCPC). We sought to evaluate variability of diagnostic practice and associated comprehensive risk. A retrospective evaluation across 4 institutions was performed (1/1/2010-9/30/2016) comparing the primary modalities of cardiac catheterization (CC), cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), and cardiac computed tomography (CT). Associated risks included anesthesia/sedation, vascular access, total room time, contrast agent usage, radiation exposure, and adverse events (AEs). Of 617 patients undergoing SCPC, 409 (66%) underwent at least one advanced diagnostic imaging study in the 60&nbsp;days prior to surgery. Seventy-eight of these patients (13%) were analyzed separately because of a concomitant cardiac intervention during CC. Of 331 (54%) with advanced imaging and without catheterization intervention, diagnostic CC was most common (59%), followed by CT (27%) and CMR (14%). Primary modality varied significantly by institution (p &lt; 0.001). Median time between imaging and SCPC was 13&nbsp;days (IQR 3-33). Anesthesia/sedation varied significantly (p &lt; 0.001). Pre-procedural vascular access did not vary significantly across modalities (p = 0.111); procedural access varied between CMR/CT and CC, in which central access was used in all procedures. Effective radiation dose was significantly higher for CC than CT (p &lt; 0.001). AE rate varied significantly, with 12% CC, 6% CMR, and 1% CT (p = 0.004). There is significant practice variability in the use of advanced diagnostic imaging prior to SCPC, with important differences in associated procedural risk. Future studies to identify differences in diagnostic accuracy and long-term outcomes are warranted to optimize diagnostic protocols.</p>

DOI

10.1007/s00246-021-02746-3

Alternate Title

Pediatr Cardiol

PMID

34812909

Title

Impact of Palliation Strategy on Interstage Feeding and Somatic Growth for Infants With Ductal-Dependent Pulmonary Blood Flow: Results from the Congenital Catheterization Research Collaborative.

Year of Publication

2020

Number of Pages

e013807

Date Published

2020 Jan 07

ISSN Number

2047-9980

Abstract

<p><strong>Background</strong> In infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow, the impact of palliation strategy on interstage growth and feeding regimen is unknown.</p>

<p><strong>Methods and Results</strong> This was a retrospective multicenter study of infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow palliated with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) stent or Blalock-Taussig shunt (BTS) from 2008 to 2015. Subjects with a defined interstage, the time between initial palliation and subsequent palliation or repair, were included. Primary outcome was change in weight-for-age -score. Secondary outcomes included % of patients on: all oral feeds, feeding-related medications, higher calorie feeds, and feeding-related readmission. Propensity score was used to account for baseline differences. Subgroup analysis was performed in 1- (1V) and 2-ventricle (2V) groups. The cohort included 66 PDA stent (43.9% 1V) and 195 BTS (54.4% 1V) subjects. Prematurity was more common in the PDA stent group (=0.051). After adjustment, change in weight-for-age -score did not differ between groups over the entire interstage. However, change in weight-for-age -score favored PDA stent during the inpatient interstage (=0.005) and BTS during the outpatient interstage (=0.032). At initial hospital discharge, PDA stent treatment was associated with all oral feeds (&lt;0.001) and absence of feeding-related medications (=0.002). Subgroup analysis revealed that 2V but not 1V patients demonstrated significant increase in weight-for-age -score. In the 2V cohort, feeding-related readmissions were more common in the BTS group (=0.008).</p>

<p><strong>Conclusions </strong>In infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow who underwent palliation with PDA stent or BTS, there was no difference in interstage growth. PDA stent was associated with a simpler feeding regimen and fewer feeding-related readmissions.</p>

DOI

10.1161/JAHA.119.013807

Alternate Title

J Am Heart Assoc

PMID

31852418

Title

Comparison of Outcomes at Time of Superior Cavopulmonary Connection Between Single Ventricle Patients With Ductal-Dependent Pulmonary Blood Flow Initially Palliated With Either Blalock-Taussig Shunt or Ductus Arteriosus Stent

Year of Publication

2019

Number of Pages

e008110

Date Published

2019 Oct

ISSN Number

1941-7632

Abstract

<p><strong>BACKGROUND: </strong>Patients with single ventricle anatomy and ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow may be initially palliated with either modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (BTS) or ductus arteriosus stent (DAS). Comparisons of outcomes during the interstage period and at the time of superior cavopulmonary connection (SCPC) are lacking and may differ between palliation strategies.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>Infants with single ventricle anatomy and ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow palliated with either DAS or BTS from 2008 to 2015 were reviewed across 4 centers. Interstage outcomes, and for those who had SCPC, anatomy, hemodynamics, and perioperative clinical outcomes were compared. Thirty-five patients with DAS and 136 patients with BTS were included.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>At initial palliation, demographic, clinical variables, and pulmonary artery size were similar. Interstage death, transplant, or unplanned reintervention to treat cyanosis occurred in 25.7% of DAS and 35.8% of BTS, =0.27. Reintervention was more common with DAS (48.6% versus 2.2%; &lt;0.001). Twenty-three DAS patients and 111 BTS patients underwent SCPC. Preoperative hemodynamics and overall pulmonary atresia growth were similar, although right pulmonary artery growth was better with DAS (change in -score: 1.57 versus 0.65, =0.026). SCPC intraoperative and postoperative courses were similar.</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>In patients with single-ventricle anatomy and ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow, interstage outcomes, hemodynamics before SCPC, and acute postoperative outcomes were similar. Overall reintervention was more common in the DAS group, driven by more frequent planned reintervention. Unplanned reintervention, death, and transplant were similar. Both groups demonstrated good pulmonary atresia growth. DAS is a reasonable initial palliative alternative to BTS in select patients.</p>

DOI

10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.119.008110

Alternate Title

Circ Cardiovasc Interv

PMID

31607156

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