First name
Piergiorgio
Last name
Gamba

Title

Effectiveness and Sustainability of an Antimicrobial Stewardship Program for Perioperative Prophylaxis in Pediatric Surgery.

Year of Publication

2020

Date Published

2020 Jun 19

ISSN Number

2076-0817

Abstract

<p><strong>Background </strong>Appropriate perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis (PAP) is essential to prevent surgical site infections (SSIs) and to avoid antibiotics misuse.</p>

<p><strong>Aim </strong>The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness and long-term sustainability of an antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP), based on a clinical pathway (CP) and periodic education, to improve adherence to the guidelines for PAP in a tertiary care pediatric surgery center.</p>

<p><strong>Methods </strong>We assessed the changes in PAP correctness and its effect on SSIs between the six months before and the 24 months after the implementation of ASP in the Pediatric Surgery Unit of the Department of Women's and Children's Health of Padova. The ASP was addressed to all surgeons and anesthesiologists of the Pediatric Surgery Unit. The primary outcome was appropriateness of PAP (agent, timing of the first dose, and duration). SSI rate was the secondary outcome.</p>

<p><strong>Results </strong>1771 patients were included in the study and 676 received PAP. The overall correctness of the PAP, in terms of agent, timing, and duration, increased significantly after the CP implementation. What changed most was the PAP discontinuation within 24 h ( &lt; 0.001). Cefazolin was the most used antibiotic, with a significant increase in the post-intervention period ( &lt; 0.001) and with a reduction in the use of other broad-spectrum antibiotics. No variations in the incidence of SSIs were reported in the five periods ( = 0.958).</p>

<p><strong>Conclusion </strong>The implementation of an ASP based on CP and education is an effective and sustainable antimicrobial stewardship tool for improving the correct use of PAP.</p>

DOI

10.3390/pathogens9060490

Alternate Title

Pathogens

PMID

32575542

Title

Effects of an antimicrobial stewardship intervention on perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in pediatrics.

Year of Publication

2019

Number of Pages

13

Date Published

2019

ISSN Number

2047-2994

Abstract

<p><strong>Purpose: </strong>This study aims to determine the effectiveness of an Antimicrobial Stewardship Program based on a Clinical Pathway (CP) to improve appropriateness in perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis (PAP).</p>

<p><strong>Materials and methods: </strong>This pre-post quasi-experimental study was conducted in a 12 month period (six months before and six months after CP implementation), in a tertiary Pediatric Surgical Centre. All patients from 1 month to 15 years of age receiving one or more surgical procedures were eligible for inclusion. PAP was defined appropriate according to clinical practice guidelines.</p>

<p><strong>Results: </strong>Seven hundred sixty-six children were included in the study, 394 in pre-intervention and 372 in post-intervention. After CP implementation, there was an increase in appropriate PAP administration, as well as in the selection of the appropriate antibiotic for prophylaxis, both for monotherapy (p = 0.02) and combination therapy (p = 0.004). Even the duration of prophylaxis decreased during the post-intervention period, with an increase of correct PAP discontinuation from 45.1 to 66.7% (p &lt; 0.001). Despite the greater use of narrow-spectrum antibiotic for fewer days, there was no increase in treatment failures (10/394 (2.5%) pre vs 7/372 (1.9%) post, p = 0.54).</p>

<p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>CPs can be a useful tool to improve the choice of antibiotic and the duration of PAP in pediatric patients.</p>

DOI

10.1186/s13756-019-0464-z

Alternate Title

Antimicrob Resist Infect Control

PMID

30675340

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