First name
Francisco
Last name
Arabia

Title

New Versatile Dual-Support Pediatric Heart Pump.

Year of Publication

2019

Date Published

2019 Jun 04

ISSN Number

1525-1594

Abstract

<p>Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices for pediatric patients continue to lag in development behind those for adults. There is no heart pump with the design innovation to support dysfunctional states of heart failure and the anatomic heterogeneity of cardiac defects in pediatric patients. To address this unmet need, we are developing a versatile MCS technology with two separate blood pumps under one housing, whereby a centrifugal pump rotates around an axial pump. In this study, we advanced the design with a new inducer for the axial pump component and flat inlet volute for the centrifugal pump component. We conducted computational modeling of the design iterations, built prototypes, and tested their performance. The axial pump component was able to generate pressure rises of 1-112 mmHg for 2-5 L/min at 10,000-14,000 RPM, and the centrifugal pump component produced pressure rises of 1-184 mmHg for 2-5 L/min at 1750-3000 RPM. Shear stresses and blood damage estimations were less than 425 Pa and 0.5%, respectively. Axial and radial forces were also estimated to be less than 5 N for the axially and radially centered impellers. Data sets were repeatable, and data trends followed theoretical expectations. The new designs for the axial and centrifugal pumps enabled us to reduce the height of the pump while maintaining performance expectations. These findings support the continued development of this new medical device for pediatric patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.</p>

DOI

10.1111/aor.13507

Alternate Title

Artif Organs

PMID

31162850

Title

Hybrid Continuous-Flow Total Artificial Heart.

Year of Publication

2018

Number of Pages

500-509

Date Published

2018 May

ISSN Number

1525-1594

Abstract

<p>Clinical studies using total artificial hearts (TAHs) have demonstrated that pediatric and adult patients derive quality-of-life benefits from this form of therapy. Two clinically-approved TAHs and other pumps under development, however, have design challenges and limitations, including thromboembolic events, neurologic impairment, infection risk due to large size and percutaneous drivelines, and lack of ambulation, to name a few. To address these limitations, we are developing a hybrid-design, continuous-flow, implantable or extracorporeal, magnetically-levitated TAH for pediatric and adult patients with heart failure. This TAH has only two moving parts: an axial impeller for the pulmonary circulation and a centrifugal impeller for the systemic circulation. This device will utilize the latest generation of magnetic bearing technology. Initial geometries were established using pump design equations, and computational modeling provided insight into pump performance. The designs were the basis for prototype manufacturing and hydraulic testing. The study results demonstrate that the TAH is capable of delivering target blood flow rates of 1-6.5 L/min with pressure rises of 1-92 mm Hg for the pulmonary circulation and 24-150 mm Hg for the systemic circulation at 1500-10&nbsp;000 rpm. This initial design of the TAH was successful and serves as the foundation to continue its development as a novel, more compact, nonthrombogenic, and effective therapeutic alternative for infants, children, adolescents, and adults with heart failure.</p>

DOI

10.1111/aor.13080

Alternate Title

Artif Organs

PMID

29349805

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