First name
John
Middle name
M
Last name
Leventhal

Title

Research priorities for a multi-center child abuse pediatrics network - CAPNET.

Year of Publication

2017

Number of Pages

152-157

Date Published

2017 Mar

ISSN Number

1873-7757

Abstract

<p>Although child maltreatment medical research has benefited from several multi-center studies, the new specialty of child abuse pediatrics has not had a sustainable network capable of pursuing multiple, prospective, clinically-oriented studies. The Child Abuse Pediatrics Network (CAPNET) is a new multi-center research network dedicated to child maltreatment medical research. In order to establish a relevant, practical research agenda, we conducted a modified Delphi process to determine the topic areas with highest priority for such a network. Research questions were solicited from members of the Ray E. Helfer Society and study authors and were sorted into topic areas. These topic areas were rated for priority using iterative rounds of ratings and in-person meetings. The topics rated with the highest priority were missed diagnosis and selected/indicated prevention. This agenda can be used to target future multi-center child maltreatment medical research.</p>

DOI

10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.01.015

Alternate Title

Child Abuse Negl

PMID

28161656

Title

The Accuracy of ICD Codes: Identifying Physical Abuse in 4 Children's Hospitals.

Year of Publication

2015

Number of Pages

444-50

Date Published

07/2015

ISSN Number

1876-2867

Abstract

<p><strong>OBJECTIVE: </strong>To assess the accuracy of International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM), codes in identifying cases of child physical abuse in 4 children's hospitals.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>We included all children evaluated by a child abuse pediatrician (CAP) for suspicion of abuse at 4 children's hospitals from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2010. Subjects included both patients judged to have injuries from abuse and those judged to have injuries from accidents or to have medical problems. The ICD-9-CM codes entered in the hospital discharge database for each child were compared to the decisions made by the CAPs on the likelihood of abuse. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated. Medical records for discordant cases were abstracted and reviewed to assess factors contributing to coding discrepancies.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>Of 936 cases of suspected physical abuse, 65.8% occurred in children &lt;1 year of age. CAPs rated 32.7% as abuse, 18.2% as unknown cause, and 49.1% as accident/medical cause. Sensitivity and specificity of ICD-9-CM codes for abuse were 73.5% (95% confidence interval 68.2, 78.4), and 92.4% (95% confidence interval 90.0, 94.0), respectively. Among hospitals, sensitivity ranged from 53.8% to 83.8% and specificity from 85.4% to 100%. Analysis of discordant cases revealed variations in coding practices and physicians' notations among hospitals that contributed to differences in sensitivity and specificity of ICD-9-CM codes in child physical abuse.</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>Overall, the sensitivity and specificity of ICD-9-CM codes in identifying cases of child physical abuse were relatively low, suggesting both an under- and overcounting of abuse cases.</p>

DOI

10.1016/j.acap.2015.01.008

Alternate Title

Acad Pediatr

PMID

26142071

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