First name
Shiraz
Middle name
A
Last name
Maskatia

Title

Comparison of Management Strategies for Neonates With Symptomatic Tetralogy of Fallot.

Year of Publication

2021

Number of Pages

1093-1106

Date Published

2021 Mar 02

ISSN Number

1558-3597

Abstract

<p><strong>BACKGROUND: </strong>Neonates with tetralogy of Fallot and symptomatic cyanosis (sTOF) require early intervention.</p>

<p><strong>OBJECTIVES: </strong>This study sought to perform a balanced multicenter comparison of staged repair (SR) (initial palliation [IP] and subsequent complete repair [CR]) versus primary repair (PR) treatment strategies.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>Consecutive neonates with sTOF who underwent IP or PR at&nbsp;≤30&nbsp;days of age from 2005 to 2017 were retrospectively reviewed from the Congenital Cardiac Research Collaborative. The primary outcome was death. Secondary outcomes included component (IP, CR, PR) and cumulative (SR): hospital and intensive care unit lengths of stay; durations of cardiopulmonary bypass, anesthesia, ventilation, and inotrope use; and complication and reintervention rates. Outcomes were compared using propensity score adjustment.</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>The cohort consisted of 342 patients who underwent SR (IP: surgical, n&nbsp;=&nbsp;256; transcatheter, n&nbsp;=&nbsp;86) and 230 patients who underwent PR. Pre-procedural ventilation, prematurity, DiGeorge syndrome, and pulmonary atresia were more common in the SR group (p&nbsp;≤0.01). The observed risk of death was not different between the groups (10.2% vs 7.4%; p&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.25) at median 4.3 years. After adjustment, the hazard of death remained similar between groups (hazard ratio: 0.82; 95% confidence interval: 0.49 to 1.38; p&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.456), but it favored SR during early follow-up (&lt;4&nbsp;months; p&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.041). Secondary outcomes favored the SR group in component analysis, whereas they largely favored PR in cumulative analysis. Reintervention risk was higher in the SR group (p&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.002).</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>In this multicenter comparison of SR or PR for management of neonates with sTOF, adjusted for patient-related factors, early mortality and neonatal morbidity were lower in the SR group, but cumulative morbidity and reinterventions favored the PR group, findings suggesting potential benefits to each strategy.</p>

DOI

10.1016/j.jacc.2020.12.048

Alternate Title

J Am Coll Cardiol

PMID

33632484

Title

Echocardiographic parameters associated with biventricular circulation and right ventricular growth following right ventricular decompression in patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum: Results from a multicenter study.

Year of Publication

2018

Date Published

2018 Sep 21

ISSN Number

1747-0803

Abstract

<p><strong>BACKGROUND: </strong>In patients with pulmonary atresia, intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) following right ventricular (RV) decompression, RV size and morphology drive clinical outcome. Our objectives were to (1) identify baseline and postdecompression echocardiographic parameters associated with 2V circulation, (2) identify echocardiographic parameters associated with RV growth and (3) describe changes in measures of RV size and changes in RV loading conditions.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent RV decompression for PA/IVS at four centers. We analyzed echocardiograms at baseline, postdecompression, and at follow up (closest to 1-year or prior to Glenn circulation).</p>

<p><strong>RESULTS: </strong>Eighty-one patients were included. At last follow-up, 70 (86%) patients had 2V circulations, 7 (9%) had 1.5 ventricle circulations, and 4 (5%) had single ventricle circulations. Follow-up echocardiograms were available in 43 (53%) patients. The majority of patients had improved RV systolic function, less tricuspid regurgitation (TR), and more left-to-right atrial shunting at a median of 350 days after decompression. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that larger baseline tricuspid valve (TV) z-score (P = .017), ≥ moderate baseline TR (P = .045) and smaller baseline RV area (P &lt; .001) were associated with larger increases in RV area. Baseline RV area ≥6 cm /m had 93% sensitivity and 80% specificity for identifying patients who ultimately achieved 2V circulation. All patients with RV area ≥8 cm /m at follow up achieved 2V circulation. This finding was confirmed in a validation cohort from a separate center (N = 25). Factors associated with achieving RV area ≥8 cm /m included larger TV z-score (P = .004), ≥ moderate baseline TR (P = .031), and ≥ moderate postdecompression pulmonary regurgitation (P = .002).</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>Patients with PA/IVS and smaller TV annuli are at risk for poor RV growth. Volume-loading conditions signal increased capacity for growth sufficient for 2V circulation.</p>

DOI

10.1111/chd.12671

Alternate Title

Congenit Heart Dis

PMID

30238627

Title

Outcomes After Decompression of the Right Ventricle in Infants With Pulmonary Atresia With Intact Ventricular Septum Are Associated With Degree of Tricuspid Regurgitation: Results From the Congenital Catheterization Research Collaborative.

Year of Publication

2017

Date Published

2017 May

ISSN Number

1941-7632

Abstract

<p><strong>BACKGROUND: </strong>Outcomes after right ventricle (RV) decompression in infants with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum vary widely. Descriptions of outcomes are limited to small single-center studies.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS AND RESULTS: </strong>Neonates undergoing RV decompression for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum were included from 4 pediatric centers. Primary end point was reintervention post-RV decompression; secondary end points included circulation type at latest follow-up. Ninety-nine patients (71 with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and 28 with virtual atresia) underwent RV decompression at median 3 (25th-75th, 2-5) days of age. Seventy-one patients (72%) underwent at least 1 reintervention after decompression. Median duration of follow-up was 3 years (range, 1-10). Freedom from reintervention was 51% at 1 month and 23% at 3 years. In multivariable analysis, reintervention was associated with virtual atresia (hazard ratio [HR], 0.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.28-091; P=0.027), smaller RV length (HR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.89-0.99; P=0.027), and ≤mild tricuspid regurgitation (TR; HR, 3.58; 95% CI, 2.04-6.30; P&lt;0.001). Patients undergoing surgical shunt or ductal stent were less likely to have virtual atresia (HR, 0.36; 95% CI, 0.15-0.85; P=0.02) and more likely to have higher RV end-diastolic pressure (HR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.00-1.15; P=0.057) and ≤mild TR (HR, 3.50; 95% CI, 1.75-7.0; P&lt;0.001). Number of reinterventions was associated with ≤mild TR (rate ratio, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.23-2.87; P=0.0037). Multivariable analysis indicated that &lt;2-ventricle circulation status was associated with ≤mild TR (odds ratio, 18.6; 95% CI, 5.3-65.2; P&lt;0.001) and lower RV area (odds ratio, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.72-0.91; P&lt;0.001).</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>Patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum deemed suitable for RV decompression have a high reintervention burden although most achieve 2-ventricle circulation. TR ≤mild at baseline is strongly associated with reintervention and &lt;2-ventricle circulation at medium-term follow-up. Degree of baseline TR may be an important marker of long-term outcomes in this population.</p>

DOI

10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.116.004428

Alternate Title

Circ Cardiovasc Interv

PMID

28500137

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