First name
Allan
Middle name
R
Last name
de Caen

Title

Guidance for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation of Children With Suspected or Confirmed COVID-19.

Year of Publication

2022

Date Published

07/2022

ISSN Number

1098-4275

Abstract

This document aims to provide guidance to healthcare workers for the provision of basic and advanced life support to children and neonates with suspected or confirmed COVID-19. It aligns with the 2020 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care while providing strategies for reducing risk of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 to healthcare providers. Patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and cardiac arrest should receive chest compressions and defibrillation, when indicated, as soon as possible. Due to the importance of ventilation during pediatric and neonatal resuscitation, oxygenation and ventilation should be prioritized. All CPR events should therefore be considered aerosol-generating procedures (AGPs). Thus, personal protective equipment (PPE) appropriate for AGPs (including N95 respirators or an equivalent) should be donned prior to resuscitation and high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters should be utilized. Any personnel without appropriate PPE should be immediately excused by providers wearing appropriate PPE. Neonatal resuscitation guidance is unchanged from standard algorithms except for specific attention to infection prevention and control. In summary, healthcare personnel should continue to reduce the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission through vaccination and use of appropriate PPE during pediatric resuscitations. Healthcare organizations should ensure the availability and appropriate use of PPE. As delays or withheld CPR increases the risk to patients for poor clinical outcomes, children and neonates with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 should receive prompt, high-quality CPR in accordance with evidence-based guidelines.

DOI

10.1542/peds.2021-056043

Alternate Title

Pediatrics

PMID

35818123

Title

American College of Critical Care Medicine Clinical Practice Parameters for Hemodynamic Support of Pediatric and Neonatal Septic Shock.

Year of Publication

2017

Number of Pages

1061-1093

Date Published

2017 Jun

ISSN Number

1530-0293

Abstract

<p><strong>OBJECTIVES: </strong>The American College of Critical Care Medicine provided 2002 and 2007 guidelines for hemodynamic support of newborn and pediatric septic shock. Provide the 2014 update of the 2007 American College of Critical Care Medicine "Clinical Guidelines for Hemodynamic Support of Neonates and Children with Septic Shock."</p>

<p><strong>DESIGN: </strong>Society of Critical Care Medicine members were identified from general solicitation at Society of Critical Care Medicine Educational and Scientific Symposia (2006-2014). The PubMed/Medline/Embase literature (2006-14) was searched by the Society of Critical Care Medicine librarian using the keywords: sepsis, septicemia, septic shock, endotoxemia, persistent pulmonary hypertension, nitric oxide, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and American College of Critical Care Medicine guidelines in the newborn and pediatric age groups.</p>

<p><strong>MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: </strong>The 2002 and 2007 guidelines were widely disseminated, translated into Spanish and Portuguese, and incorporated into Society of Critical Care Medicine and American Heart Association/Pediatric Advanced Life Support sanctioned recommendations. The review of new literature highlights two tertiary pediatric centers that implemented quality improvement initiatives to improve early septic shock recognition and first-hour compliance to these guidelines. Improved compliance reduced hospital mortality from 4% to 2%. Analysis of Global Sepsis Initiative data in resource rich developed and developing nations further showed improved hospital mortality with compliance to first-hour and stabilization guideline recommendations.</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>The major new recommendation in the 2014 update is consideration of institution-specific use of 1) a "recognition bundle" containing a trigger tool for rapid identification of patients with septic shock, 2) a "resuscitation and stabilization bundle" to help adherence to best practice principles, and 3) a "performance bundle" to identify and overcome perceived barriers to the pursuit of best practice principles.</p>

DOI

10.1097/CCM.0000000000002425

Alternate Title

Crit. Care Med.

PMID

28509730

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