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Data on the frequency and outcome of surgical interventions as a result of adverse events (AE) encountered in the pediatric and congenital cardiac catheterization laboratory are limited. This study analyzes the outcomes of specific types of AE that are most likely to require immediate surgical intervention. Data from the C3PO registry were analyzed to identify specific types of significant vascular/cardiac trauma or technical adverse events (stent/device/coil embolization/migration). The relationship between these AE and an "adverse outcome" (defined as either surgery, ECMO, or death) were analyzed. Between 01/2014 and 12/2017, 25,731 cases were entered into the C3PO registry. Vascular or cardiac trauma were observed in 92 cases (0.36% cases in C3PO), and technical adverse events were observed in 176 cases (0.68% cases in C3PO). The two highest procedure type risk categories (PREDIC3T) accounted for 61% of the cases in the cardiac/vascular trauma cohort, and 34% in the technical AE cohort. For vascular/cardiac trauma, 24 (26%) had an adverse outcome, with ECMO in 8 (9%), surgery in 19 (20%), and death in 9 (10%). For technical AE 25 (14%) had an adverse outcome, with ECMO in 3 (2%), surgery in 23 (13%), and death in 3 (2%). Survival after cardiac surgery secondary to an AE was 68% for cardiac/vascular trauma, and 96% for technical adverse events. RF perforation of the pulmonary valve was the procedure most likely to result in cardiac/vascular trauma (10%), with 57% of those having an adverse outcome. Atrial septal interventions accounted for 29% of all adverse outcomes in the cardiac/vascular trauma cohort. Non-elective or emergent cases were associated with a significantly higher incidence of an adverse outcome for both, cardiac/vascular trauma (OR 7.1) and technical adverse events (OR 2.7). Surgery within the last 30 days was associated with a significantly higher incidence of an adverse outcome for cardiac/vascular trauma only (OR 4.2). Significant cardiac/vascular trauma or stent/device/coil embolization/migration are rare, but high consequence AE. With appropriate surgical and ECMO backup, a high survival can be achieved. The potential need for and impact of immediate surgical backup seems to be higher for cardiac/vascular trauma (in particular after specific case types), than for device/coil migration/embolization, and as such case specific backup arrangements are required.