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AIM: For paediatric patients and families, resuscitation can be an extremely stressful experience with significant medical and psychological consequences. Psychological sequelae may be reduced when healthcare teams apply patient- and family-centered care and trauma-informed care, yet there are few specific instructions for effective family-centered or trauma-informed behaviours that are observable and teachable. We aimed to develop a framework and tools to address this gap.
METHODS: We reviewed relevant policy statements, guidelines, and research to define core domains of family-centered and trauma-informed care, and identified observable evidence-based practices in each domain. We refined this list of practices via review of provider/team behaviours in simulated paediatric resuscitation scenarios, then developed and piloted an observational checklist.
RESULTS: Six domains were identified: (1) Sharing information with patient and family; (2) Promoting family involvement in care and decisions; (3) Addressing family needs and distress; (4) Addressing child distress; (5) Promoting effective emotional support for child; (6) Practicing developmental and cultural competence. A 71-item observational checklist assessing these domains was feasible for use during video review of paediatric resuscitation.
CONCLUSION: This framework can guide future research and provide tools for training and implementation efforts to improve patient outcomes through patient- and family-centered and trauma-informed care.