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IL1RN coding variant is associated with lower risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome and increased plasma IL-1 receptor antagonist.

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2013 May 1

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<p><strong>RATIONALE: </strong>Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) behaves as a complex genetic trait, yet knowledge of genetic susceptibility factors remains incomplete.</p>

<p><strong>OBJECTIVES: </strong>To identify genetic risk variants for ARDS using large scale genotyping.</p>

<p><strong>METHODS: </strong>A multistage genetic association study was conducted of three critically ill populations phenotyped for ARDS. Stage I, a trauma cohort study (n = 224), was genotyped with a 50K gene-centric single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array. We tested SNPs associated with ARDS at P &lt; 5 × 10(-4) for replication in stage II, a trauma case-control population (n = 778). SNPs replicating their association in stage II (P &lt; 0.005) were tested in a stage III nested case-control population of mixed subjects in the intensive care unit (n = 2,063). Logistic regression was used to adjust for potential clinical confounders. We performed ELISA to test for an association between ARDS-associated genotype and plasma protein levels.</p>

<p><strong>MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: </strong>A total of 12 SNPs met the stage I threshold for an association with ARDS. rs315952 in the IL1RN gene encoding IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL1RA) replicated its association with reduced ARDS risk in stages II (P &lt; 0.004) and III (P &lt; 0.02), and was robust to clinical adjustment (combined odds ratio = 0.81; P = 4.2 × 10(-5)). Plasma IL1RA level was associated with rs315952C in a subset of critically ill subjects. The effect of rs315952 was independent from the tandem repeat variant in IL1RN.</p>

<p><strong>CONCLUSIONS: </strong>The IL1RN SNP rs315952C is associated with decreased risk of ARDS in three populations with heterogeneous ARDS risk factors, and with increased plasma IL1RA response. IL1RA may attenuate ARDS risk.</p>



Alternate Title

Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.


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