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OBJECTIVE: To describe and conceptualize high-quality care for long-stay pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients using group concept mapping (GCM).
STUDY DESIGN: We convened an expert panel to elucidate domains of high-quality care for this growing patient population for which transitory care models fail to meet their needs. Thirty-one healthcare professionals and 7 parents of patients with previous prolonged PICU hospitalizations comprised a diverse, interprofessional multidisciplinary panel. Participants completed the prompt "For PICU patients and families experiencing prolonged lengths of stay, high quality care from the medical team includes ______", with unlimited free text responses. Responses were synthesized into individual statements, then panelists sorted them by idea similarity and rated them by perceived importance. Statement analysis using GCM software through GroupWisdom generated nonoverlapping clusters representing domains of high-quality care.
RESULTS: Participants submitted 265 prompt responses representing 313 unique ideas, resulting in 78 final statements for sorting and rating. The resultant cluster map best representing the data contained 8 domains: (1) Family-Centered Care and Shared Decision Making, (2) Humanizing the Patient, (3) Clinician Supports and Resources, (4) Multidisciplinary Coordination of Care, (5) Family Well-Being, (6) Anticipatory Guidance and Care Planning, (7) Communication, and (8) Continuity of Care.
CONCLUSIONS: GCM empowered a panel of healthcare professionals and parents to explicitly describe and conceptualize high-quality care for patients and families experiencing prolonged PICU stays. This information will aid the effort to address shortcomings of transitory PICU care models.