Year of Publication
This document aims to provide guidance to healthcare workers for the provision of basic and advanced life support to children and neonates with suspected or confirmed COVID-19. It aligns with the 2020 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care while providing strategies for reducing risk of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 to healthcare providers. Patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and cardiac arrest should receive chest compressions and defibrillation, when indicated, as soon as possible. Due to the importance of ventilation during pediatric and neonatal resuscitation, oxygenation and ventilation should be prioritized. All CPR events should therefore be considered aerosol-generating procedures (AGPs). Thus, personal protective equipment (PPE) appropriate for AGPs (including N95 respirators or an equivalent) should be donned prior to resuscitation and high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters should be utilized. Any personnel without appropriate PPE should be immediately excused by providers wearing appropriate PPE. Neonatal resuscitation guidance is unchanged from standard algorithms except for specific attention to infection prevention and control. In summary, healthcare personnel should continue to reduce the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission through vaccination and use of appropriate PPE during pediatric resuscitations. Healthcare organizations should ensure the availability and appropriate use of PPE. As delays or withheld CPR increases the risk to patients for poor clinical outcomes, children and neonates with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 should receive prompt, high-quality CPR in accordance with evidence-based guidelines.