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CONTEXT: The American Thyroid Association (ATA) Pediatric Guidelines recommend patients not receive radioactive iodine therapy (RAIT) for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) confined to the thyroid. Since publication, there is ongoing concern whether withholding RAIT will result in a lower rate of remission.
OBJECTIVE: This study explores whether ATA low-risk patients treated with and without RAIT achieved similar remission rates.
METHODS: Medical records of patients
RESULTS: Ninety-five patients with ATA low-risk DTC were analyzed: 53% (50/95) and 47% (45/95) were treated with and without RAIT, respectively. RAIT was used to treat 82% of patients before 2015 compared with 33% of patients after 2015 (P
CONCLUSION: Withholding RAIT for pediatric patients with ATA low-risk DTC avoids exposure to radiation and does not have a negative impact on remission rates. Dynamic risk stratification at 1-year after initial treatment is a suitable time point to assess the impact of withholding RAIT for these patients.